Single-crystal EPR study of three radiation-induced defects (Al-O 2 3-, Ti 3+ and W 5+) in stishovite

Yuanming Pan, Mao Mao, Zucheng Li, Sanda M. Botis, Rudolf I. Mashkovtsev, Anton Shatskiy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Single-crystal electron paramagnetic resonance spectra of electron-irradiated stishovite, measured at temperatures from 3. 5 to 294 K, reveal three S = 1/2 radiation-induced defects: an aluminum-associated oxygen hole center and two nd 1 centers (Ti 3+ and W 5+). The aluminum-associated oxygen hole center, characterized by an orthorhombic site symmetry, coaxial matrices of the electronic Zeeman g, nuclear hyperfine A( 27Al) and nuclear quadrupole P( 27Al), and the orientation of the g-minimum axis along an O-O direction and those of the unique A( 27Al) and P( 27Al) axes perpendicular to the O-O direction, is an Al-O 2 3- center, with the unpaired electron equally distributed on two equatorial oxygen atoms of a substitutional Al 3+ ion at the octahedral Si site. Fully optimized Al-doped structure, theoretical 27Al nuclear hyperfine and quadrupole coupling constants and directions, and 3D spin densities from periodic hybrid density functional theory calculations provide further support for this structural model. Spin Hamiltonian parameters of the Ti 3+ and W 5+ centers, which are confirmed by their diagnostic 47Ti, 49Ti and 183W hyperfine structures, arise from electron trapping on substitutional Ti 4+ and W 6+ ions at the octahedral Si site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-637
Number of pages11
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Sept


  • Al-O
  • DFT calculations
  • Hyperfine structures
  • Radiation-induced defects
  • Rutile-type oxides
  • Single-crystal EPR
  • Stishovite
  • Ti
  • W

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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