Sinusoidally modulated magnetic structure of Kramers local moments in CePd 5 Al 2

Takahiro Onimaru, Yukihiro F. Inoue, Akihiro Ishida, Kazunori Umeo, Yasuaki Oohara, Taku J. Sato, Devashibhai T. Adroja, Toshiro Takabatake

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4 Citations (Scopus)


The crystalline electric field (CEF) level scheme and magnetic structure of a tetragonal antiferromagnet CePd 5 Al 2 with K and K were studied by neutron scattering, magnetization and magnetoresistance measurements. Inelastic neutron scattering measurements on the powder sample revealed CEF excitations at 21.3 and 22.4 meV. The derived wave functions of the CEF ground state for the Ce 3+ ion consist primarily of under the tetragonal symmetry. By means of single-crystal neutron diffraction, magnetic Bragg peaks characterized by a propagation vector k = [δ, δ, O] were observed at T < T N1 . Our analysis indicates a sinusoidally modulated magnetic structure with amplitude of 2.0(1) μB/Ce, where the magnetic moments point to the -axis. The intensity of the third-order harmonic at 0.8 K is 1/30 as small as that expected for an antiphase structure, suggesting that the modulated structure remains at least down to 0.8 K. Both the magnetization and magnetoresistance show several anomalies in the magnetically ordered phase, indicating field-induced successive changes of the magnetic structure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125603
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 31


  • antiferromagnet
  • crystalline electric field
  • magnetic structure
  • neutron scattering


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