Size dependences of magnetic properties and switching behavior in FePt (formula presented) nanoparticles

S. Okamoto, O. Kitakami, N. Kikuchi, T. Miyazaki, Y. Shimada, Y. K. Takahashi

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We have prepared epitaxial FePt (formula presented) (001) nanoparticles covered with Ag and Pt overlayers and investigated their magnetic behaviors by means of anomalous Hall resistance measurements. The particle shapes are thin oblate spheroids with the aspect ratio (height/diameter) of 1/5. The size is ranging from 1 to 2.5 nm in height and from 5 to 30 nm in diameter. FePt (formula presented) nanoparticles show extremely large coercivity (formula presented) of about 70 kOe at 10 K, which is close to the anisotropy field (formula presented) of highly ordered FePt (formula presented) This verifies that the very strong magnetic anisotropy (formula presented) of FePt (formula presented) remains even in the size of several atomic layers along the c axis. For a particle diameter of (formula presented) all the magnetic properties, such as the angular dependence of irreversible switching field, the magnitude of (formula presented) and their temperature dependence, are fully explained by the coherent rotation model, taking the thermal relaxation into account. Although both Ag- and Pt-coated particles follow the coherent rotation model, the latter always exhibits smaller (formula presented) than the former. Such a decrease in (formula presented) can be explained by assuming an enhancement of the effective magnetic moment caused by ferromagnetic polarization of Pt atoms at the Pt/FePt interface. As the particle size (formula presented) exceeds 20 nm, the magnetic behaviors deviate from the ideal coherent rotation model, suggesting that the magnetization reversal mode changes from coherent to incoherent rotation. The critical diameter (formula presented) at which the reversal mode changes is in good agreement with the critical diameter predicted by the micromagnetic theory.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Mar 26


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