SKS Splitting Measurements in NE China: New Insights Into the Wudalianchi Intraplate Volcanism and Mantle Dynamics

Mingwen Lu, Jianshe Lei, Dapeng Zhao, Yinshuang Ai, Xiwei Xu, Guibin Zhang

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23 Citations (Scopus)


To better understand the Wudalianchi intraplate volcanism and mantle dynamics in NE China, we collect abundant teleseismic waveform data during 2008 to 2018 recorded at 259 seismic stations around the Wudalianchi volcano. These stations include 148 WAVESArray portable stations, 66 NECESSArray portable stations and 45 Chinese provincial stations. Our newly deployed WAVESArray makes the station intervals of ~20–30 km around the Wudalianchi volcano. Using the minimum transverse-energy grid-search method, we make effective SKS splitting measurements at 192 stations. Our results show that the fast direction in the study region is mainly NW-SE, but there are obvious contrasts within and between different tectonic units. To the east of the North-South Gravity Lineament, around the Wudalianchi volcano, our SKS splitting measurements show a southeastward opening U-shaped pattern in the fast direction and splitting time. Such a pattern of seismic anisotropy could be caused by horizontal and vertical flows in the big mantle wedge due to the deep subduction, long stagnancy, and deep dehydration of the Pacific slab in the mantle transition zone. The horizontal flow in the big mantle wedge could be obstructed by the thicker lithosphere under the Great Xing'an range and disturbed by hot and wet upwelling flow under the Wudalianchi volcano. Around the Nuominhe and Halaha volcanic groups, variations in the splitting parameters may also be associated with lithospheric deformation and delamination, though they are located at the edge of our study region. These results shed new light on the intraplate volcanism and mantle dynamics in NE China.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2019JB018575
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 1


  • mantle dynamics
  • seismic anisotropy
  • SKS splitting
  • Wudalianchi intraplate volcanism


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