SMA and ALMA studies of protoplanetary disk formation around low-mass protostars

Shigehisa Takakuwa, Nagayoshi Ohashi, Hsi Wei Yen, Ti Lin Chou, Kazuya Saigo, Masao Saito, Yusuke Aso, Yuri Aikawa, Shin Koyamatsu, Masahiro N. Machida, Sanemichi Z. Takahashi, Kengo Tomida, Kohji Tomisaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report our systematic survey observations of protostellar sources with the SubMillimeter Array (SMA) and Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). The purpose of our survey is to investigate formation mechanism of protoplanetary disks, precursors of planetary systems, out of ∼1000 AU-scale protostellar envelopes surrounding the protostars. We found that in the early protostars (B335, NGC1333 IRAS 4B), the envelopes do not show significant rotating motions but infalling motions toward the central protostars. In more evolved protostars (L1527 IRS, L1448-mm, L1551 IRS 5), the envelopes are infalling and rotating with the conserved specific angular momenta (that is, v rot br -1). In most evolved sources (L1551 NE, TMC-1A, L1489 IRS) large-scale (b3100 AU) disks in Keplerian rotation or protoplanetary disks are evident. These results demonstrate a systematic evolutionary trend of envelope gas motions toward the disk formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-129
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
Issue numberS315
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 1


  • ALMA
  • Keplerian Disks
  • Protostellar Envelopes
  • SMA


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