Small focal spot formation by vector beams

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Focusing light into a small spot is vital in many research and industrial fields. In principle, the diffraction nature of light restricts the achievable size of a focal spot referred to as the diffraction limit. Cylindrical vector beams have a promising feature that can surpass this limit in tight focusing conditions. This small focal spot characteristics of vector beams are being extensively applied to optical imaging for spatial resolution enhancement. This study reviews the fundamentals and the recent progress of the small focal spot formation by vector beams. Some advanced features, including superoscillation focusing, dark spot formation, and utilization in laser scanning microscopy, will be discussed in detail herein.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProgress in Optics
EditorsTaco D. Visser
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Number of pages56
ISBN (Print)9780128246061
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan

Publication series

NameProgress in Optics
ISSN (Print)0079-6638


  • Cylindrical vector beam
  • Dark spot
  • Laser scanning microscopy
  • Superoscillation
  • Superresolution


Dive into the research topics of 'Small focal spot formation by vector beams'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this