Fungal communities within a naturally fallen bough of Japanese beech (Fagus crenata) were investigated with reference to chemical properties of decay columns. Five logs were cut out from the fallen bough, which ranged from 10.7 to 20.5cm in diameter. Nine fungal species and one sterile fungus were isolated from decay columns that elongated along a longitudinal axis and were delimited by black zone lines and wood discoloration. Lampteromyces japonicus and Trichoderma spp. were isolated from all five logs. Lampteromyces japonicus and Antrodiella albocinnamomea occupied the largest volume in the logs. Lignin and carbohydrate contents, lignocellulose index (LCI), nitrogen content, and water content were different among decay columns colonized by different fungal species in each log. In L. japonicus, LCI of decay column was correlated to that of wood blocks decayed under pure culture condition by the fungi isolated from the decay columns. These results suggest that the small-scale variation in chemical properties within fallen logs of Japanese beech reflects the distribution and the decay ability of colonized fungi.
- Fagus crenata
- Water content