Small-Volume On-Line Sensor for Continuous Measurement of γ-Aminobutyric Acid

Osamu Niwa, Ryoji Kurita, Tsutomu Horiuchi, Keiichi Torimitsu

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63 Citations (Scopus)


We report the first on-line electrochemical sensor for the continuous measurement of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which is a well-known inhibitory neurotransmitter in the nervous system. The sensor is composed of a glutamate oxidase (GluOx) and catalase immobilized small-volume enzymatic reactor and a glassy carbon (GC) electrode modified with a top layer film consisting of gabase and GluOx coimmobilized bovine serum albumin and an Ospoly(vinylpyrridine) bottom layer film containing horse-radish peroxidase. The response of the sensor depends on the α-ketoglutarate concentration and is almost saturated when its concentration is 100 times higher than GABA. The sensor exhibits a sensitivity of 1.56 nA/μM for GABA under optimized conditions and shows almost no response when 10 μM glutamate is continuously injected. A detection limit of 0.1 μM is obtained with a linear range of 0.1-10 μM. GABA can be measured in the absence of α-ketoglutarate when there is L-glutamate in the sample solution, which is a typical condition for the extracellular measurement of cultured nerve cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-93
Number of pages5
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry


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