SmFe12-based hard magnetic alloys prepared by reduction-diffusion process

I. Dirba, H. Sepehri-Amin, Ik Jin Choi, Jin Hyeok Choi, Hyoun Soo Uh, Tae Hoon Kim, Soon Jae Kwon, T. Ohkubo, K. Hono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


High phase-purity Sm(Fe0.8Co0.2)11Ti and Sm0.8Zr0.2(Fe0.8Co0.2)11Ti powders with the tetragonal ThMn12 crystal structure have been synthesized by reduction-diffusion method. The average particle size is 1.47 ± 0.82 μm for the Zr-free and 2.29 ± 1.22 μm for the Zr-doped samples. The larger particles are multi-grain, without a chemically distinct grain boundary phase as revealed by TEM investigations. The intrinsic magnetic properties are μ0Ms= 1.42 ± 0.04 T, μ0Ha= 9.8 ± 0.4 T for Zr-free and μ0Ms= 1.37 ± 0.04 T, μ0Ha= 9.7 ± 0.4 T for Zr-doped samples. Temperature-dependent XRD studies show that the ThMn12-type phase begins to decompose around 500 °C which presents difficulties for further development into fully dense bulk magnets. Successful introduction of grain boundary phase with good wettability has been realized by infiltrating low-melting eutectic alloys, resulting in fully dense bulk samples. However, coercivity remains low, μ0Hc = 0.34 T. The underlying microstructural reasons for not achieving large Hc are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number157993
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr 25
Externally publishedYes


  • Permanent magnets
  • Reduction-diffusion process
  • Sm(Fe,Co)Ti
  • ThMn

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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