Social anxiety and self-concept in children with epilepsy: A pilot intervention study

Jana E. Jones, Jacquelyn B. Blocher, Daren C. Jackson, Connie Sung, Mayu Fujikawa

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16 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) anxiety intervention on social phobia, social skill development, and self-concept. Method Fifteen children with epilepsy and a primary anxiety disorder participated in a CBT intervention for 12 weeks plus a 3-month follow-up visit. Children were assessed at baseline, week 7, week 12, and 3 months post treatment to measure changes in social phobia using the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED). Self-concept was also assessed by using the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale II (Piers-Harris 2). Results There was a significant reduction in symptoms of social phobia and improved self-concept at the end of the 12-week intervention and at the 3 month follow-up. Repeated measures ANOVA's of child ratings revealed significant change over time on the SCARED-Social Phobia/Social Anxiety subscale score (p = 0.024). In terms of self-concept, significant change over time was detected on the Piers-Harris 2-Total score (p = 0.015) and several subscale scores of Piers-Harris 2, including: Physical Appearance and Attributes (p = 0.016), Freedom from Anxiety (p = 0.005), and Popularity (p = 0.003). Conclusion This pilot investigation utilized an evidenced based CBT intervention to reduce symptoms of social phobia, which in turn provided a vehicle to address specific social skills improving self-concept in children with epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)780-785
Number of pages6
JournalSeizure : the journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 1


  • Intervention
  • Pediatric epilepsy
  • Self-concept
  • Social anxiety
  • Social phobia
  • Social skills


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