Background Cerebral small vessel disease is associated with higher ratios of soluble-epoxide hydrolase derived linoleic acid diols (12,13-dihydroxyoctadecenoic acid [DiHOME] and 9,10-DiHOME) to their parent epoxides (12(13)-epoxyoctadecenoic acid [EpOME] and 9(10)-EpOME); however, the relationship has not yet been examined in stroke. Methods and Results Participants with mild to moderate small vessel stroke or large vessel stroke were selected based on clinical and imaging criteria. Metabolites were quantified by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Volumes of stroke, lacunes, white matter hyperintensities, magnetic resonance imaging visible perivascular spaces, and free water diffusion were quantified from structural and diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (3 Tesla). Adjusted linear regression models were used for analysis. Compared with participants with large vessel stroke (n=30), participants with small vessel stroke (n=50) had a higher 12,13-DiHOME/12(13)-EpOME ratio (β=0.251, P=0.023). The 12,13-DiHOME/12(13)-EpOME ratio was associated with more lacunes (β=0.266, P=0.028) but not with large vessel stroke volumes. Ratios of 12,13-DiHOME/12(13)-EpOME and 9,10-DiHOME/9(10)-EpOME were associated with greater volumes of white matter hyperintensities (β=0.364, P<0.001; β=0.362, P<0.001) and white matter MRI-visible perivascular spaces (β=0.302, P=0.011; β=0.314, P=0.006). In small vessel stroke, the 12,13-DiHOME/12(13)-EpOME ratio was associated with higher white matter free water diffusion (β=0.439, P=0.016), which was specific to the temporal lobe in exploratory regional analyses. The 9,10-DiHOME/9(10)-EpOME ratio was associated with temporal lobe atrophy (β=-0.277, P=0.031). Conclusions Linoleic acid markers of cytochrome P450/soluble-epoxide hydrolase activity were associated with small versus large vessel stroke, with small vessel disease markers consistent with blood brain barrier and neurovascular-glial disruption, and temporal lobe atrophy. The findings may indicate a novel modifiable risk factor for small vessel disease and related neurodegeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere026901
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan 3


  • lacunar stroke
  • oxylipin
  • small vessel disease
  • soluble epoxide hydrolase
  • white matter hyperintensity


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