Microtubule-associated protein/microtubule affinity-regulating kinases (MARKs)/PAR-1 are common regulators of cell polarity that are conserved from nematode to human. All of these kinases have a highly conserved C-terminal domain, which is termed the kinase-associated domain 1 (KA1), although its function is unknown. In this study, we determined the solution structure of the KA1 domain of mouse MARK3 by NMR spectroscopy. We found that ∼50 additional residues preceding the previously defined KA1 domain are required for its proper folding. The newly defined KA1 domain adopts a compact α+β structure with a βαββββα topology. We also found a characteristic hydrophobic, concave surface surrounded by positively charged residues. This concave surface includes the highly conserved Glu-Leu-Lys-Leu motif at the C terminus, indicating that it is important for the function of the KA1 domain. Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
- Nuclear magnetic resonance
- Solution structure