The chronological changes in the gene expression for three species of cytosolic fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) in the rat brain were examined by Northern and in situ hybridization analyses. The expression for heart(H)-FABP became evident after birth, with a gradual increase and confined to the gray matter, suggesting that the expression of H-FABP mRNA is neuron-specific in postnatal brain. The expression for brain(B)-FABP was very intense in the ventricular germinal zone, without expression in the cerebellar external granule cell layer, suggesting the dominant expression in the cells of glial lineage. B-FABP mRNA was transiently expressed in perinatal gray as well as white matter and the expression in glial cells persists only in the olfactory nerve fiber layer at the adult stage. On the other hand, the expression for skin type(S)-FABP was evident in the both ventricular germinal zone and cerebellar external granule cell layer, suggesting the expression in cells of neuronal lineage. The expression for S-FABP was evident in the prenatal gray matter and S-FABP mRNA was expressed in glial cells at early postnatal stage, whereafter the expression decreased to, but remained at weak levels in the adult brain. Discrete functions of the three FABPs were suggested in neurons and glia differentially at various developmental stages.
- In situ hybridization
- Northern blot analysis