Spectropolarimetry of type Ibc supernovae

Masaomi Tanaka, Koji S. Kawabata, Takashi Hattori, Paolo A. Mazzali, Kentaro Aoki, Masanori Iye, Keiichi Maeda, Ken'Ichi Nomoto, Elena Pian, Toshiyuki Sasaki, Masayuki Yamanaka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Studying a multi-dimensional structure of supernovae (SNe) gives important constraints on the mechanism of the SN explosion. Polarization measurement is one of the most powerful methods to study the explosion geometry of extragalactic SNe. Especially, Type Ib/c SNe are the ideal targets because the core of the explosion is bare. We have performed spectropolarimetric observations of Type Ib/c SNe with the Subaru telescope. We detect a rotation of the polarization angle across the line, which is seen as a loop in the Q-U plane. This indicates that axisymmetry is broken in the SN ejecta. Adding our new data to the sample of stripped-envelope SNe with high-quality spectropolarimetric data, five SNe out of six show a loop in the Q-U plane. This implies that the SN explosion commonly has a non-axisymmetric, three-dimensional geometry.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDeath of Massive Stars
Subtitle of host publicationSupernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts
EditorsPeter W. A. San Antonio, Nobuyuki Kawai, Elena Pian
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
ISSN (Print)1743-9213
ISSN (Electronic)1743-9221


  • supernovae: general
  • techniques: polarimetric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Space and Planetary Science


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