Spin-current-driven thermoelectric generation based on interfacial spin-orbit coupling

A. Yagmur, S. Karube, K. Uchida, K. Kondou, R. Iguchi, T. Kikkawa, Y. Otani, E. Saitoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The longitudinal spin Seebeck effect (SSE) in Bi2O3/Cu/yttrium-iron-garnet (YIG) devices has been investigated. When an out-of-plane temperature gradient is applied to the Bi2O3/Cu/YIG device, a spin current is generated across the Cu/YIG interface via the SSE and then converted into electric voltage due to the spin-orbit coupling at the Bi2O3/Cu interface. The sign of the SSE voltage in the Bi2O3/Cu/YIG devices is opposite to that induced by the conventional inverse spin Hall effect in Pt/YIG devices. The SSE voltage in the Bi2O3/Cu/YIG devices disappears in the absence of the Bi2O3 layer and its thermoelectric conversion efficiency is independent of the Cu thickness, indicating the important role of the Bi2O3/Cu interface. This result demonstrates that not only the bulk inverse spin Hall effect but also the spin-orbit coupling near the interface can be used for SSE-based thermoelectric generation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number242409
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 13


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