Spin-Injected Birefringent VCSELs for Analog Radio-Over-Fiber Systems

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14 Citations (Scopus)


We propose and numerically investigate the use of birefringent vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) under the injection and modulation of spin polarized electrons for application to analog radio over fiber (RoF) systems. Injection current and electron spin polarization in a birefringent VCSEL are individually modulated for generating data signals and a millimeter-wave carrier and a polarizer is used to combine two orthogonal polarizations. A preliminary experiment without spin injections confirms that 24-GHz carrier generation originating from polarization-mode splitting of the birefringent VCSEL can be used for the heterodyne detection of square-wave signals with a period of 6.4 ns. Our findings mark the first step in applying spin-injected birefringent VCSELs having the capability of ultra-high-frequency modulation for application to analog RoF systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9354832
Pages (from-to)297-300
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar 15


  • Birefringence
  • modulation
  • spin polarization
  • vertical cavity surface emitting lasers


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