OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate usefulness of perfusion cooling for regional spinal cord hypothermia during most or all of thoracic or thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair. METHODS: From 1987 to 2003, 103 patients underwent most or all of thoracic or thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair. Forty-eight patients underwent operation using distal aortic perfusion, mild hypothermia and segment sequential repair (group MH). Fifty-five patients underwent the same operation as group MH except epidural perfusion cooling and drainage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) [group EC & CSFD]. The aorta was replaced sequentially in segment and several paris of intercostal and lumbar arteries were reconstructed in 2 groups. RESULTS: Cardiopulmonary bypass time of group MH and group EC & CSFD was averaged 235 and 241 minutes, respectively. The lowest CSF temperature in group EC & CSFD was averaged 24.7 degrees C, and the difference between nasopharyngeal and CSF temperature was averaged 6.4 degrees C. The rate of spinal cord injury of group MH and EC & CSFD was 10.4% and 3.6%, respectively. Hospital mortality of group MH and EC & CSFD was 8.3% and 5.5%, respectively. The incidence of spinal cord injury and hospital mortality of group EC & CSFD were decreased compared to them of group MH. CONCLUSION: We conclude that the perfusion cooling of epidural space and CSF drainage are effective method in reducing postoperative spinal cord injury.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Apr|