Spontaneous Shrinkage of isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-mutant astrocytoma caused by intra-tumoural cyst rupture: a case report

Ryutaro Suzuki, Masayuki Kanamori, Ryuta Saito, Yoshiteru Shimoda, Mika Watanabe, Teiji Tominaga

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Abstract

Background: T2-fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) mismatch sign is a specific imaging finding of isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-mutant astrocytomas. Histologically, a hypointense area on FLAIR images indicates the presence of microcysts. Here we report a case of IDH-mutant astrocytoma that shrunk spontaneously. Case description: A 26-year-old woman presented with a complaint of headache. Her magnetic resonance (MR) images revealed a lesion mass with a T2-FLAIR mismatch sign in the left frontal lobe. Subsequently, after 1 month, she was referred to our department, and we found that the lesion had unexpectedly shrunk; however, no further shrinkage was observed in the next 3 months. Furthermore, a biopsy was performed, and the results indicated a diagnosis of astrocytoma, IDH-mutant CNS WHO grade 3. Thus, she underwent subtotal resection. We found no neurological deficits in the patient, and she received 60 Gy of radiotherapy at the local site and chemotherapy with nimustine hydrochloride (ACNU), followed by the administration of ACNU every 8 weeks for 2 years. Overall, after 36 months of tumour resection, she was in good health and exhibited no recurrence. Notably, her histological and MR image findings suggested that the macroscopic cyst was formed by the fusion of microcysts, which is a characteristic feature of IDH-mutant astrocytoma with a T2-FLAIR mismatch sign, and that the tumour shrunk because of the rupture of the cyst in the Sylvian cistern. Conclusion: The present case report suggests that IDH-mutant astrocytoma cannot be ruled out even when the lesion shrinks spontaneously.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Neurosurgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • IDH-mutant astrocytoma
  • T2-FLAIR mismatch sign
  • cyst
  • spontaneous shrinkage

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