Stability analysis of high temperature superconducting coil in liquid hydrogen

T. Nakayama, T. Yagai, M. Tsuda, T. Hamajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, it is expected that hydrogen plays an important role in energy source including electric power in near future. Liquid hydrogen has high potential for cooling down superconducting coil wound with high temperature superconductors (HTS), such as BSCCO, YBCO. In this paper, we study stabilities of the coils wound with BSCCO tapes, which are immersed in the liquid hydrogen, and compare stability results with those cooled by liquid helium. We treat a minimum propagation zone (MPZ) theory to evaluate the coil stability considering boiling heat flux of the liquid hydrogen, and specific heat, heat conduction and resistivity of HTS materials as a function of temperature. It is found that the coil cooled by the liquid hydrogen has higher stability margin than that cooled by the liquid helium. We compare the stability margins of both coils wound with Bi-2223/Ag tape and Bi-2212/Ag tape in liquid hydrogen. As a result, it is found that the stability of Bi-2212 coil is equivalent to that of Bi-2223 coil in low and high magnetic field, while the maximum current of Bi-2212 coil exceeds a little bit that of Bi-2223 coil in both magnetic fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1285-1288
Number of pages4
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue numberSUPPL.
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Oct 1


  • BSCCO tape
  • Liquid helium
  • Liquid hydrogen
  • Stability
  • Superconducting coil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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