In a metallurgical process, gas-liquid flow plays an important role in increasing the efficiency by stirring liquid mechanically or by injecting a gas. Owing to the difficulty of direct observation in a high-temperature system or real furnace experiment, numerical analysis is useful and widely studied. However, flexible treatment of complicated free surface behavior such as fragmentation and coalescence of liquids is still a difficult problem. This paper presents a new particle-based simulation scheme for gas-liquid flow. We improved the numerical stability, which is generally a problem with the particle method, and verified the model's accuracy for fundamental gas-liquid flow analysis.Because all the phases were discretized as particles in Moving Particle Semi-implicit (MPS) method, the proposed model can track the movement of both the gas and liquid phases directly. A large difference in the real density between the gas and liquid phases makes the gas-liquid interface behavior unstable. This study proposed an optimization of the weakly compressible Poisson equation, an initial particle arrangement, and a smoothed interface density in order to stabilize the multi-density flow analysis. This model guarantees conservation of the fluid volume even for a high-density-ratio flow like that at a gas-liquid interface. Therefore, a gas-liquid interface has been represented with high accuracy. We believe that this scheme is also applicable to phenomena in an actual process that includes many dispersal phases.
- Gas-liquid flow
- Incompressible flow
- Material processing
- Moving particle semi-implicit method