Standard values for temporal muscle thickness in the Japanese population who undergo brain check-up by magnetic resonance imaging

Masahito Katsuki, Norio Narita, Keisuke Sasaki, Yoshimichi Sato, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Shoji Mashiyama, Teiji Tominaga

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: Skeletal muscle mass is an important factor for various diseases’ outcomes. The psoas muscle cross-sectional area on the abdominal computed tomography (CT), gait speed, and handgrip strength is used to measure it. However, it is difficult to measure the neurological patients’ muscle mass or function because (1) we do not perform abdominal CT. (2) Such patients have impaired consciousness, gait disturbance, paresis, and need of rest. Temporal muscle thickness (TMT) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is now attractive for skeletal muscle volume indicator, but the reference values are not established. We herein investigated the standard value of the Japanese TMT using the brain check-up database by MRI. Methods: We retrospectively investigated 360 Japanese individuals from two institutions between 2017 and 2019. We measured TMT on the T1-weighted images in the previously reported way. The associations between TMT and other variables were analyzed. Results: TMT of 214 women and 146 men, ranging from 35 to 84 years old, was investigated. TMT ranged from 3.69 to 16.90 mm. Mean TMT values were significantly higher in men compared to women except for the over 70-year-old cohort. TMT was correlated to weight and body mass index in both sexes. Conclusion: This is the first retrospective study on the standard TMT values from the Japanese brain check-up database. Our results were just reference values, but these would be useful for further investigation in other neurosurgical and neurological diseases regarding muscle volume or sarcopenia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number67
JournalSurgical Neurology International
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb


  • Aging
  • Nutrition
  • Sarcopenia
  • Skeletal muscle volume
  • Temporal muscle thickness


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