Star formation in the cluster CLG0218.3-0510 at z = 1.62 and its large-scale environment: The infrared perspective

J. S. Santos, B. Altieri, M. Tanaka, I. Valtchanov, A. Saintonge, M. Dickinson, S. Foucaud, T. Kodama, T. D. Rawle, K. Tadaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


The galaxy cluster CLG0218.3-0510 at z = 1.62 is one of the most distant galaxy clusters known, with a rich multiwavelength data set that confirms a mature galaxy population already in place. Using very deep, wide-area (20Mpc × 20 Mpc) imaging by Spitzer MIPS at 24 μm, in conjunction with Herschel five-band imaging from 100 to 500 μm, we investigate the dustobscured, star formation properties in the cluster and its associated large-scale environment. Our galaxy sample of 693 galaxies at z ̃ 1.62 detected at 24 μm (10 spectroscopic and 683 photo-z) includes both cluster galaxies (i.e. within r < 1 Mpc projected cluster-centric radius) and field galaxies, defined as the region beyond a radius of 3Mpc. The star formation rates (SFRs) derived from the measured infrared luminosity range from 18 to 2500M yr-1, with a median of 55M⊙ yr-1, over the entire radial range (10 Mpc). The cluster's brightest far-infrared galaxy, taken as the centre of the galaxy system, is vigorously forming stars at a rate of 256 ± 70M⊙ yr-1, and the total cluster SFR enclosed in a circle of 1 Mpc is 1161 ± 96M⊙ yr-1. We estimate a dust extinction of ̃3mag by comparing the SFRs derived from [O II] luminosity with the ones computed from the 24 μm fluxes. We find that the in-falling region (1-3 Mpc) is special: there is a significant decrement (3.5×) of passive relative to star-forming galaxies in this region, and the total SFR of the galaxies located in this region is lower (̃130M⊙ yr-1 Mpc-2) than anywhere in the cluster or field, regardless of their stellar mass. In a complementary approach, we compute the local galaxy density, ∑5, and find no trend between SFR and ∑5. However, we measure an excess of star-forming galaxies in the cluster relative to the field by a factor of 1.7, that lends support to a reversal of SF-density relation in CLG0218

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2565-2577
Number of pages13
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb


  • CLG0218.3-0510-galaxies
  • Clusters
  • Galaxies
  • High-redshift-galaxies
  • Individual
  • Star formation-infrared


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