This paper describes an experimental and analytical study on the static fatigue behavior of piezoelectric ceramics under electromechanical loading. Static fatigue tests were carried out in three-point bending with the single-edge precracked-beam specimens. The crack was created perpendicular to the poling direction. Time-to-failure under different mechanical loads and dc electric fields were obtained from the experiment. Microscopic examination of the fracture surface of the piezoelectric ceramics was performed as well. A finite element analysis was also made, and the applied energy release rate for the permeable crack model was calculated. The effect of applied dc electric fields on the energy release rate versus lifetime curve is examined. The most important conclusion we reach is that the lifetimes for the piezoelectric specimens under a positive electric field are much shorter than the failure times of specimens under a negative electric field for the same mechanical load level.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the European Ceramic Society|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|
- Mechanical properties