Steric effects of isoleucine 107 on heme reorientation reaction in human myoglobin

Haruto Ishikawa, Satoshi Takahashi, Koichiro Ishimori, Isao Morishima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Structural factors to regulate the heme reorientation reaction in myoglobin were examined and we found that the side chain at position 107 (Ile107), which is located between the 2-vinyl and 3-methyl groups of heme, forms a kinetic barrier for the heme rotation about the α-γ axis. The phenylalanine-substituted mutant showed an extremely slow heme reorientation rate, compared to that of the wild-type protein, while replacement by the decreased side chain, valine, at position 107 accelerated the reorientation reaction. Considering that the spectroscopic data show only minor structural changes in the heme environments of the Ile107 mutants, the side chain at position 107 sterically interacts with the heme peripheral groups in the activation state for the heme reorientation, which supports the intramolecular mechanism that the heme rotates about the α-γ axis without leaving the "protein cage."

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1095-1100
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Nov 19


  • Heme orientation
  • Myoglobin
  • NMR
  • Resonance Raman


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