Thapsigargin, a non-TPA-type tumor promoter, releases histamine and stimulates arachidonic acid metabolism in rat peritoneal mast cells. In order to clarify the relationship between the histamine-releasing activity and the arachidonic acid metabolism-stimulating activity of thapsigargin in mast cells, the effects of cyclooxygenase inhibitors, indomethacin and ibuprofen, a lipoxygenase inhibitor, AA861, and dual inhibitors for cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase, nordihydroguaiaretic acid and BW755C, on histamine release and arachidonic acid metabolism were examined. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis revealed that the peritoneal mast cells preferentially produce prostaglandin D2 by thapsigargin treatment. These inhibitors suppressed thapsigargin-induced prostaglandin D2 production in a dose-dependent manner, but failed to inhibit histamine release, suggesting that the mechanisms for stimulation of histamine release by thapsigargin is not dependent on increased arachidonic acid metabolism. Time-course experiments of histamine release and the release of radioactivity from [3H]arachidonic acid-labeled mast cells also provide evidence for a difference in mechanism.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids|
|Publication status||Published - 1989 May 15|
- (Rat peritoneal mast cell)
- Arachidonic acid metabolism
- Histamine release
- Prostaglandin D