The strengthening of Yoroi-coil (Y-based oxide superconductor and reinforcing outer integrated coil) structure at stronger electromagnetic force was investigated using the Yoroi-coil structured double-pancake coil with higher strength outer plates of carbon-fiber reinforced plastic (C-FRP) than those of glass-FRP. The coil achieved 1.14 kA transporting at 4.2 K in 14-T back-up magnetic field and the superconducting wire was burnt by thermal runaway after that. The calculated maximum hoop stress, based on the BJR (magnetic field × current density × coil radius) calculations, at the hoop stress test reached 2.0 GPa. This value was far exceeding the tensile strength of superconducting wire ranging from 1 to 1.3 GPa; however, the maximum strain of superconducting wire in the test coil was held about 0.5%. Yoroi-coil structure is useful for the applications, which need high magnetic field precision. The strengthening effect of C-FRP outer plates was observed at outer part of the coil, but it did not cover the whole coil body, so that arrangement of reinforcing outer plates could admit of some improvement.
- carbon-fiber reinforced plastic
- Electromagnetic forces
- Hoop stress
- Yttrium based coated conductor