Exogenous application of streptomycin to etiolated seedlings of rice (Oryza sativa L.) during growth in darkness at moderate temperatures induced the same type of chlorosis as that elicited by cool temperatures. A comparison of sensitive (indica) tolerant (Japonica) cultivars indicated a close relationship between sensitivity to streptomycin and cool temperatures. Immunoblot (Rubisco LSU, SSU; CF1 complex of H+ -ATPase; NADPH-protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase) and Northern blot analyses of plastid-encoded genes (16S rRNA; rbcL; rpoB; petB) in the streptomycin-treated sensitive cultivars revealed that the normal etioplast development was specifically inhibited by the antibiotic. Furthermore, the antibiotic did not affect the expression of mitochondrion-encoded genes (18S rRNA; atpA), which are also unaffected cool temperatures. These result suggest that the effect of the antibiotic is quite similar to that of cool temperatures.
- Cool temperature
- Plastid development