Stress-induced perpendicular magnetization in epitaxial iron garnet thin films

Masashi Kubota, Atsushi Tsukazaki, Fumitaka Kagawa, Keisuke Shibuya, Yusuke Tokunaga, Masashi Kawasaki, Yoshinori Tokura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Citations (Scopus)


We have grown pseudomorphic Tm 3Fe 5O 12 films (46-350 nm in thickness) with perpendicular magnetization on (111) Gd 3Ga 5O 12 substrates. Among various garnets, Tm 3Fe 5O 12 is selected because of a negatively large magnetostriction constant to overcome strong shape anisotropy in very thin films. A stress-induced anisotropy field as large as +25 kOe is estimated by calculation under a moderate in-plane tensile strain of +0.49%. The magnetization hysteresis loop and magnetic domain structure indicate the perpendicular easy axis. The domain size (W) in its maze pattern varies from 500 to 960nm with increasing thickness (t) and agrees well with a scaling law of W ∞ √t.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103002
JournalApplied Physics Express
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct


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