Stress-induced phase transformation during superplastic deformation in two-phase Ti-Al-Fe alloy

J. Koike, Y. Shimoyama, I. Ohnuma, T. Okamura, R. Kainuma, K. Ishida, K. Maruyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Citations (Scopus)


Ti-5.5Al-1Fe alloys consisting of the h.c.p.-α phase and the b.c.c.-β phase were investigated for microstructural changes during superplastic deformation at temperatures from 1050 to 1200 K. Observed changes occurred in two steps: (1) agglomeration of the β phase to grain boundaries perpendicular to the tensile axis and (2) subsequent increase of the β volume fraction. The β volume fraction after failure was found to increase with increasing deformation temperature. The first step was considered to be induced by the gradient of traction force acting upon grain boundaries. The second step was considered to be induced by stress concentration at grain boundaries of the a phase where the β phase was depleted by agglomeration to the perpendicular boundaries. The phase equilibrium under stressed condition was calculated by increasing the Gibbs energy of the α phase by 500 J/mol relative to that of the β phase. An excellent quantitative agreement was found between calculated results and experimental results of the β volume fraction and the Fe composition in each phase. The present work indicates that the phase transformation accompanied by diffusion can be induced by application of stress of the order of 100 MPa. This new type of stress-induced phase transformation can decrease the β transus temperature by more than 100 K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2059-2069
Number of pages11
JournalActa Materialia
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2000 May 29


  • Mechanical properties
  • Phase transformations
  • Titanium alloys


Dive into the research topics of 'Stress-induced phase transformation during superplastic deformation in two-phase Ti-Al-Fe alloy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this