Stress state analysis of a fault plane with large induced seismicity

Y. Mukuhira, T. Ito, H. Asanuma, M. Haring

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Induced seismicity associated with hydraulic stimulation for the development of underground resources has been recognized as a risk factor in causing seismic hazards and is of public concern. To understand the simple physics behind induced seismicity, we analyzed the stress state of a fault plane where large seismicity was induced during hydraulic stimulation in the Cooper Basin, Australia and Basel, Switzerland. Using information regarding the stress magnitude and orientation, and the geometry of the fault plane where large events occurred, the stress state of these events was evaluated and the pore pressure necessary to cause shear slip was estimated. The fault plane of the large event in the Cooper Basin was close to being well oriented and only needed small increase in pore pressure (∼10MPa) to induce shear slip. It was also discovered that the fault plane of the largest event at Basel required a moderate increase in pore pressure of around 20 MPa to induce a seismic event. Other large events occurring at different depths needed much lower pore pressures to induce shear slip. On the fault planes at Basel where these large events occurred, large shear stress was present, suggesting causality between shear stress and event magnitude.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication50th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium 2016
PublisherAmerican Rock Mechanics Association (ARMA)
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781510828025
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event50th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium 2016 - Houston, United States
Duration: 2016 Jun 262016 Jun 29

Publication series

Name50th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium 2016


Conference50th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States


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