Structural Analysis of New Antihypertensive Peptides Derived from Cheese Whey Protein by Proteinase K Digestion

Amhar Abubakar, Tadao Saito, Haruki Kitazawa, Yasushi Kawai, Takatoshi Itoh

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303 Citations (Scopus)


Whey protein was digested with one of seven kinds of proteases at 37°C (trypsin, proteinase K, actinase E, thermolysin, or papain) or at 25°C (pepsin or chymotrypsin) for 24 h. The digested samples were assayed for the inhibitory activity of angiotensin-converting enzyme and for changes in the systolic blood pressure caused in spontaneously hypertensive rats after gastric intubation. The strongest depressive effect on the systolic blood pressure (-55 mm Hg) was observed at 6 h after gastric intubation of the whey protein that was digested by proteinase K. Finally, six peptides were chromatographically isolated from the proteinase K digest by a combination of hydrophobic reversed-phase HPLC and gel filtration. The amino acid sequences and their origins were clarified as follows: Val-Tyr-Pro-Phe-Pro-Gly [β-casein (CN); f 59-64], Gly-Lys-Pro (β2-microglobulin; f 18-20), Ile-Pro-Ala (β-lactoglobulin; f 78-80), PhePro (serum albumin; f 221-222; β-CN, f 62-63, f 157-158, and f 205-206), Val-Tyr-Pro (β-CN; f 59-61), and Thr-Pro-Val-Val-Val-Pro-Pro-Phe-Leu-Gln-Pro (β-CN; f 80-90). Chemical synthesis of these six peptides confirmed that all peptides, except an undecapeptide, have antihypertensive activity in spontaneously hypertensive rats. The synthetic tripeptide Ile-Pro-Ala, originating from β-lactoglobulin, showed the strongest antihypertensive activity (-31 mm Hg).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3131-3138
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Dec


  • Antihypertensive peptide
  • Cheese whey
  • Protease digestion
  • Whey protein


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