This study was carried out to investigate the structural perturbation of the protein's local structure by the denaturants under non-denaturing conditions. Crystal structure of CutA from an archaeon Pyrococcus horikosii (PhoCutA), a heavy-metal binding protein, was determined at 1.6-Å resolution in the presence of 3 M guanidine HCl (GdnHCl). Native PhoCutA has a large number of short intramolecular hydrogen bonds and salt bridges on the protein surface, of which greater than 90% of hydrogen bonds and all salt bridges were retained in 3 M GdnHCl. Hydrogen bonds that disappeared in the GdnHCl crystal structure were mainly located on the protein surface, especially around the structurally perturbed loop, suggesting interactions between peptide groups and GdnHCl. Only a few GdnH + ions were observed in the crystal structure, although none at the surface, of the protein. Two GdnH + ions were observed in the center of the trimeric structure, replacing water molecules, and were hydrogen bonded with Asp84 and Asp86 of each chain. The exterior loop from Tyr39 to Lys44, including Trp40-Trp41, was perturbed structurally. Decreases in temperature factors were observed in β strand 5 and the N terminus of helix 3. These results suggest the specific bindings of GdnH + with some acidic residues and the non-specific bindings around Trp residues and peptide groups on the protein surface and that binding of GdnHCl to the native protein is limited, resulting in local structural perturbation.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Oct 8|
- Crystal structure
- Structural perturbation