Study of fluid flow and mixing behaviour of a vacuum degasser

M. K. Mondal, N. Maruoka, Shinya Kitamura, G. S. Gupta, H. Nogami, H. Shibata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


In recent times the demand of ultra-low carbon steel (ULCS) with improved mechanical properties such as good ductility and good workability has been increased as it is used to produce cold-rolled steel sheets for automobiles. For producing ULCS efficiently, it is necessary to improve the productivity of the vacuum degassers such as RH, DH and tank degasser. Recently, it has been claimed that using a new process, called REDA (revolutionary degassing activator), one can achieve the carbon content below 10 ppm in less time. As such, REDA process has not been studied thoroughly in terms of fluid flow and mass transfer which is a necessary precursor to understand and design this process. Therefore, momentum and mass transfer of the process has been studied by solving momentum and species balance equations along with k-e turbulent model in two-dimension (2D) for REDA process. Similarly, computational fluid dynamic studies have been made in 2D for tank and RH degassers to compare them with REDA process. Computational results have been validated with published experimental and theoretical data. It is found that REDA process is the most efficient among all these processes in terms of mixing efficiency. Fluid flow phenomena have been studied in details for REDA process by varying gas flow rate, depth of immersed snorkel in the steel, diameter of the snorkel and change in vacuum pressure. It is found that design of snorkel affects the melt circulation in the bath significantly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-331
Number of pages11
JournalTransactions of the Indian Institute of Metals
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun


  • CFD
  • Decarburization
  • Fluid flow
  • Mixing
  • REDA process
  • Secondary steelmaking
  • Vacuum degasser

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Metals and Alloys


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