Study on brush wear under commutation arc in gasoline

Taro Yamamoto, Kazuo Bekki, Koichiro Sawa

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The d.c. motor for an automotive fuel pump has a distinctive feature that its commutation is carried out in gasoline environment. The study of brush wear under commutation is generally important from the point of view of its reliability and durability. In this paper, the wear of the copper-graphite brush sliding against the copper commutator under commutation arcs in gasoline and air is reported. It was made clear that the brush wear in gasoline was about 50% severer than that in air when the commutation current was set to 10 A including arcs. In order to make the influence of arcs clear on the brush wear, we also examined the brush wear with load current but no arcing and the material transfer in switching contacts with arcing which gave us the information of electrical erosion. In addition, we analyzed worn brush surfaces after these tests with SEM and EPMA. As a result, the arc has a serious influence on the brush wear in both environments, but how to erode the brush surface by arcing in gasoline is different from that in air.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-329
Number of pages7
JournalElectrical Contacts, Proceedings of the Annual Holm Conference on Electrical Contacts
Publication statusPublished - 1995
EventProceedings of the 41st IEEE Holm Conference on Electrical Contacts - Montreal, Can
Duration: 1995 Oct 21995 Oct 4


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