Study on preparation of high purity mono-sized silicon micro particles by pulsated orifice ejection method

Wei Dong, Yuta Hiratsuka, Ayako Miura, Hiroaki Suzuki, Minghui Yi, Satoshi Masuda, Kenta Takagi, Akira Kawasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Preparation of high purity mono-sized silicon particles by Pulsated Orifice Ejection Method (POEM) was investigated. The results of simulation show that a large contact angle between silicon and orifice is necessary for particle formation on processing by POEM. Mono-sized silicon particles can be prepared with quartz orifice and tundish within in a wide variety by POEM. Analyses by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Orientation Image Microscope (OIM) show that the obtained silicon particles can be divided into two kinds according to their surface morphology and microstructure. One is grape-fruit type silicon particles, which are polycrystalline and consist of many grains mainly in random boundaries, and the other is lemon type, which consists of only two or three grains in twin boundaries with cross-sections sometimes found to be single crystal. Measurements of electrical resistivity on polycrystalline ingots formed in the same conditions as silicon particles show p-type behavior with a room-temperature electrical resistivity in the range 15 - 60 Ωcm and carrier concentration less than 2 × 1016 cm-3 that are suitable for solar cell.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-445
Number of pages9
JournalFuntai Oyobi Fummatsu Yakin/Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun
Externally publishedYes


  • Mono-sized particles
  • OIM (Orientation-imaging Microscopy)
  • POEM (Pulsated Orifice Ejection Method)
  • Silicon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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