Subaru mid-infrared imaging of the quadruple lenses PG 1115+080 and B1422+231: Limits on substructure lensing

Masashi Chiba, Takeo Minezaki, Nobunari Kashikawa, Hirokazu Kataza, Kaiki Taro Inoue

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We present mid-infrared imaging at 11.7 μm for the quadruple lens systems PG 1115+080 and B1422+231 using the cooled mid-infrared camera and spectrometer (COMICS) attached on the Subaru Telescope. These lensed QSOs are characterized by their anomalous optical and radio flux ratios, as obtained for Al and A2 images of PG 1115 + 080 and A, B, and C images of B1422+231, respectively, i.e., such flux ratios are hardly able to be reproduced by lens models with a smooth mass distribution. Our mid-infrared observations for these images have revealed that the mid-infrared flux ratio A2/A1 of PG 1115+080 is virtually consistent with smooth lens models (but inconsistent with the optical flux ratio), whereas for B1422+231, the mid-infrared flux ratios among the A, B, and C images are in good agreement with the radio flux ratios. We also identify a clear infrared bump in the spectral energy distributions of these QSOs, thereby indicating that the observed mid-infrared fluxes originate from a hot dust torus around a QSO nucleus. Based on the size estimate of the dust torus, we place limits on the mass of a substructure in these lens systems causing the anomalous optical or radio flux ratios. For PG 1115+080, the mass of a substructure inside an Einstein radius ME is ≲16 M , corresponding to either a star or a low-mass CDM subhalo having a mass of M100SIS ≲ 2.2 × 104 Ṁ inside a radius of 100 pc if modeled as a singular isothermal sphere (SIS). For B1422+231, we obtain ME ≳ 209 M ̇, indicating that a CDM subhalo is more likely, having a mass of M100SIS ≳ 7.4 × 104 M .

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-61
Number of pages9
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 I
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jul 1


  • Gravitational lensing
  • Infrared: galaxies


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