Purpose: Retinal detachment due to giant retinal tears (GRTs), tears larger than 90°, is rare and difficult to treat. Here, we show and compare surgical results of 23-, 25- and 27-gauge (G) micro-incision vitrectomy surgery (MIVS) for GRT. Study design: Retrospective and interventional case series. Methods: Retrospective review of 41 eyes of 38 patients with GRT who underwent MIVS. Surgical outcomes after MIVS, including reattachment rates and postoperative complications, were compared between instrument gauges. All patients were followed for at least 6 months postoperatively. Results: MIVS with 23G, 25G and 27G instruments was performed in 7, 19 and 15 eyes, respectively. Silicone oil (SO) was used in 34 of 41 eyes (83%) with a mean removal time of 43.8 days after first surgery. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was recovered or maintained in 39 eyes (95%). Reattachment was attained after initial surgery in 38 of 41 eyes (93%) (23G: 6/7 [86%]; 25G: 17/19 [89%]; 27G: 15/15 [100%]). Final reattachment was eventually achieved in all eyes (two eyes needed support from scleral encircling). Postoperative complications occurred in 16 eyes (39%) (23G: 3/7 [43%]; 25G: 8/19 [42%]; 27G: 5/15 [33%]), including macular pucker, cystoid macular edema, macular hole, subretinal perfluorocarbon liquid, retinal folds, vitreous hemorrhage and redetachment. There were no significant differences between the three groups in rate of high myopia, GRT size, operation time, phacovitrectomy rate, SO usage rate, initial reattachment rate, final reattachment rate, preoperative BCVA, final BCVA or rate of postoperative complications. Conclusion: Despite occasional postoperative complications, primary MIVS, regardless of gauge size, appears to be a safe and feasible option for GRT surgery.
- Giant retinal tears
- Proliferative vitreoretinopathy
- Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
- Scleral buckling