18F-Labeled Octanoates as Potential Agents for Cerebral Fatty Acid Studies. The Influence of 4-Substitution and the Fluorine Position on Biodistribution

Fumi Nagatsugi, Fumiko Inoue, Shigeki Sasaki, Minoru Maeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In order to understand the structural features that might lead to an in vivo radiotracer for studying cerebral fatty acid metabolism, 8-[18F]fluorooctanoate derivatives with methyl or gem-dimethyl branching at the C4 position have been prepared. 3-[18F]Fluoro- and 4-[18F]fluorooctanoic acid have also been synthesized for studying the influence of the fluorine position on the in vivo behavior of 18F-Iabeled octanoic acid analogs. Radiochemical synthesis was achieved by the nucleophilic displacement of a tosylate or mesylate precursor with [18F]fluoride ion. Tissue distribution studies in rats showed low cerebral uptakes of these 18F-labeled fatty acid analogs with poor brain-to-blood ratios. 3-[18F]Fluorooctanoic acid showed considerable defluorination, evident as a high bone activity level. The initial uptake of activity in the brain after injection of ethyl 8-[18F]fluoro-4-methyloctanoate and 4-[18F]-fluorooctanoic acid remained virtually unchanged over an extended time period, similar to that previously observed for the unbranched analogs, ethyl 8-[18F]fluorooctanoate and its free acid. In contrast, the 4-gem-dimethyl branched analog was rapidly and preferentially taken up by the liver. It was shown in the metabolite analysis that labeled metabolites produced from 8-[18F]fluoro-4-methyloctanoic acid were found in blood, and that they could enter the brain to a significant degree. Thus, the present studies showed that radioactivity retention in the brain in the case of the 4-methyl branched analog was mainly attributable to its radioactive metabolites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-615
Number of pages9
JournalChemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • 3-[F]fluorooctanoic acid
  • 4-[F]fluorooctanoic acid
  • 8-[F]fluoro-4-methyloctanoic acid
  • cerebral uptake
  • methyl 4,4-dimethyl-8-[F]fluorooctanoic acid
  • tissue distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Drug Discovery


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