We have developed supercritical hydrothermal synthesis method of metal oxide nanoparticles where metal salt aqueous solution is mixed with high temperature water to rapidly increase the temperature of the metal salt solution and thus reduce the reactions and crystallizations during the heating up period. By using this method, we succeeded in the continuous and rapid production of metal oxide nanocrystals. A new method proposes to synthesize organic-inorganic fused materials based on the methods of supercritical hydrothermal synthesis. By introducing organic materials in a reaction atmosphere of supercritical hydrothermal synthesis, we successfully synthesized metal oxide nanoparticles whose surface was modified with organic materials. In supercritical state, water and organic materials form a homogeneous phase, which provides an excellent reaction atmosphere for the organic modification of nanoparticles. Modification with bio-materials including amino acids was also possible. By changing organic modifiers, particle morphology and crystal structure were changed. This organic surface modification provides a various unique characteristics for the nanoparticles: Dispersion of nanoparticles in aqueous solutions, organic solvents or in liquid polymers can be controlled by selecting hydrophilic or hydrophobic modifiers.