Superoxide dismutase in normal cycling human ovaries: Immunohistochemical localization and characterization

Takashi Suzuki, Norihiro Sugino, Takao Fukaya, Shinichiro Sugiyama, Taizo Uda, Risa Takaya, Akira Yajima, Hironobu Sasano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

99 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To investigate the expression of manganese (Mn) and copper- zinc (Cu,Zn) superoxide dismutase (SOD) in normal cycling human ovaries throughout the menstrual cycle. Design: Descriptive, controlled study. Setting: Tohoku University School of Medicine. Patient(s): Twenty-four normal cycling human ovaries were obtained from patients who underwent oophorectomy and hysterectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Intervention(s): Immunohistochemistry for Mn-SOD and Cu,Zn-SOD. Main Outcome Measure(s): Immunostaining. Result(s): In the follicular stage, Mn-SOD immunoreactivity was detected in granulosa and theca interna cells of steroid-producing follicles, that is, preantral, nondominant, dominant, and atretic follicles, whereas Cu,Zn-SOD was detected in theca interna cells of these follicles and in granulosa cells of dominant follicles. In the luteal stage, immunoreactivity for Mn-SOD and Cu,Zn-SOD was observed in both luteinized granulosa and theca cells of the functioning corpus luteum. In the early degenerating corpus luteum, both Mn-SOD and Cu,Zn-SOD were positive in steroid-producing luteinized theca cells. Mn-SOD immunoreactivity was also detected in nonsteroid-producing luteinized granulosa cells and macrophages. Conclusion(s): Our results suggest that the expression of Mn-SOD and Cu,Zn- SOD closely correlates with steroidogenesis in the human ovary. In addition, Mn-SOD may play an important role in the process of luteal regression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)720-726
Number of pages7
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Oct


  • Ad4-binding protein (Ad4BP)
  • Human ovary
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Steroidogenesis
  • Superoxide dismutase (SOD)


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