Support Vector Machine-Based Classifier for the Assessment of Finger Movement of Stroke Patients Undergoing Rehabilitation

Toyohiro Hamaguchi, Takeshi Saito, Makoto Suzuki, Toshiyuki Ishioka, Yamato Tomisawa, Naoki Nakaya, Masahiro Abo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Traditionally, clinical evaluation of motor paralysis following stroke has been of value to physicians and therapists because it allows for immediate pathophysiological assessment without the need for specialized tools. However, current clinical methods do not provide objective quantification of movement; therefore, they are of limited use to physicians and therapists when assessing responses to rehabilitation. The present study aimed to create a support vector machine (SVM)-based classifier to analyze and validate finger kinematics using the leap motion controller. Results were compared with those of 24 stroke patients assessed by therapists. Methods: A non-linear SVM was used to classify data according to the Brunnstrom recovery stages of finger movements by focusing on peak angle and peak velocity patterns during finger flexion and extension. One thousand bootstrap data values were generated by randomly drawing a series of sample data from the actual normalized kinematics-related data. Bootstrap data values were randomly classified into training (940) and testing (60) datasets. After establishing an SVM classification model by training with the normalized kinematics-related parameters of peak angle and peak velocity, the testing dataset was assigned to predict classification of paralytic movements. Results: High separation accuracy was obtained (mean 0.863; 95% confidence interval 0.857–0.869; p = 0.006). Conclusion: This study highlights the ability of artificial intelligence to assist physicians and therapists evaluating hand movement recovery of stroke patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-100
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Medical and Biological Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Finger movement
  • Hemiparesis
  • Rehabilitation
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering


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