Polyphenols are ubiquitous plant metabolites with multiple pharmacological properties. Using whole-cell patch-clamp current recording techniques, we studied the effects of polypnenols extracted from red wine (purity > 90% from Cabernet Sauvignon grape wine) on the activities of voltage-operated Na+-, K+-, and Ca2+-chanhel currents in mouse dorsal root ganglionic neuronal cells. The polyphenols suppressed all of the channel activities with half-effective concentrations of about 2.5, 4.0, and 0.8-1.5 μg /ml, respectively. In contrast, they showed no noticeable effects on the ion channels in other types of cells, including large conductance K+-channels in mouse lacrimal acinar cells. Thus, the polyphenols suppress firings of the action potential in the neuronal cells and could show a sedative effect on the excitation. We expect that red wine can be used as a remedy for excessive sensory stimuli.
- Dorsal root ganglion
- Neuronal excitation
- Red wine
- Voltage-dependent ion channels