Surface electromigration of metals on Si(001): In/Si(001)

S. Kono, T. Goto, Y. Ogura, T. Abukawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The possibility of surface electromigration (SE) of metals of In, Ga, Sb and Ag on a very flat Si(001)2×1 substrate (single domain 2×1) was examined by SEM, μ-RHEED and μ-AES under UHV conditions. It was found that Ga, Sb and Ag show no SE on Si(001) surface even at DC annealing temperatures for the desorption of these metals. For In on Si(001), a very fast SE (~8000μm/min) towards the cathode side was found that suddenly sets in at ~450°C DC annealing, which was related to a surface phase transition. μ-RHEED and μ-AES observation showed that the SE is related to an ordered 4×3-In phase together with two-dimensional In gas phase over the 4×3-In phase and an In-disordered phase at the front end of SE. Single domain 4×3-In phases were found to occur under sequences of In deposition and DC annealing which involve the In SE on Si(001).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-212
Number of pages13
JournalSurface Science
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jan 20


  • Adatoms
  • Antimony
  • Diffusion and migration
  • Gallium
  • Indium
  • Low index single crystal surfaces
  • Silicon
  • Silver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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