Swine Toll-like receptor 91 recognizes CpG motifs of human cell stimulant

Takeshi Shimosato, Haruki Kitazawa, Shinichiro Katoh, Yoshihisa Tomioka, Risuke Karima, Satoshi Ueha, Yasushi Kawai, Takanori Hishinuma, Kouji Matsushima, Tadao Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Complementary DNA (cDNA) encoding swine Toll-like receptor 9 (sTLR9) was isolated from Peyer's patches (Pps) of gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT). The complete open reading frame (ORF) of sTLR9 contains 3093 bp coding deduced 1030 amino acid residues. The amino acid sequence of sTLR9 was characterized by a signal peptide followed by multiple leucine-rich repeats, a transmembrane sequence and a cytoplasmic domain homologous to that of the human interleukin-1 receptor (TIR). The sTLR9 showed a higher amino acid identity with humans (81.8%) and felis catus (86.7%) than mice (74.9%). The HEK293T cells transfected with pCXN2.1-FLAG DNA containing the sTLR9 cDNA were expressed sTLR9 as a membrane-bound molecules, which were reactive with anti-sTLR9 rabbit polyclonal antibody. Moreover, the transfectant was responsible for the CpG oligo DNA. sTLR9 was preferentially expressed in Pps and mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs), and its degree was approximately three times higher than a spleen but weak in the other tissues by the real-time quantitative PCR analyses. The strong expression of sTLR9 in Pps and MLNs and its recognizing CpG DNA for human cell stimulant are shown first in this study, which may help in understanding the intestinal immune system mediated by a bacterial DNA through TLR9.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-61
Number of pages6
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Structure and Expression
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003 May 13


  • Peyer's patch
  • Swine
  • TLR9
  • cDNA cloning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics


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