Synaptotagmin VII is targeted to dense-core vesicles and regulates their Ca2+-dependent exocytosis in PC12 cells

Mitsunori Fukuda, Eiko Kanno, Megumi Satoh, Chika Saegusa, Akitsugu Yamamoto

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71 Citations (Scopus)


It has recently been proposed that synaptotagmin (Syt) VII functions as a plasma membrane Ca2+ sensor for dense-core vesicle exocytosis in PC12 cells based on the results of transient overexpression studies using green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged Syt VII; however, the precise subcellular localization of Syt VII is still a matter of controversy (plasma membrane versus secretory granules). In this study we established a PC12 cell line "stably expressing" the Syt VII-GFP molecule and demonstrated by immunocytochemical and immunoelectron microscopic analyses that the Syt VII-GFP protein is localized on dense-core vesicles as well as in other intracellular membranous structures, such as the trans-Golgi network and lysosomes. Syt VII-GFP forms a complex with endogenous Syts I and IX, but not with Syt IV, and it colocalize well with Syts I and IX in the cellular processes (where dense-core vesicles are accumulated) in the PC12 cell line. We further demonstrated by an N-terminal antibody-uptake experiment that Syt VII-GFP-containing dense-core vesicles undergo Ca2+-dependent exocytosis, the same as endogenous Syt IX-containing vesicles. Moreover, silencing of Syt VII-GFP with specific small interfering RNA dramatically reduced high KCl-dependent neuropeptide Y secretion from the stable PC12 cell line (∼60% of the control cells), whereas the same small interfering RNA had little effect on neuropeptide Y secretion from the wild-type PC12 cells (∼85-80% of the control cells), indicating that the level of endogenous expression of Syt VII molecules must be low. Our results indicate that the targeting of Syt VII-GFP molecules to specific membrane compartment(s) is affected by the transfection method (transient expression versus stable expression) and suggested that Syt VII molecule on dense-core vesicles functions as a vesicular Ca2+ sensor for exocytosis in endocrine cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52677-52684
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number50
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec 10


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