Synchronization and collective dynamics of flagella and cilia as hydrodynamically coupled oscillators

Nariya Uchida, Ramin Golestanian, Rachel R. Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Cooperative motion of flagella and cilia faciliates swimming of microorganisms and material transport in the body of multicellular organisms. Using minimal models, we address the roles of hydrodynamic interaction in synchronization and collective dynamics of flagella and cilia. Collective synchronization of bacterial flagella is studied with a model of bacterial carpets. Cilia and eukaryotic flagella are characterized by periodic modulation of their driving forces, which produces various patterns of two-body synchronization and metachronal waves. Long-range nature of the interaction introduces novel features in the dynamics of these model systems. The flagella of a swimmer synchronize also by a viscous drag force mediated through the swimmer’s body. Recent advance in experimental studies of the collective dynamics of flagella, cilia and related artificial systems are summarized.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101007
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 15


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