Synchronization between hippocampal theta waves and PGO waves during REM sleep

Akihiro Karashima, Kazuhiro Nakamura, Mika Watanabe, Naoki Sato, Mitsuyuki Nakao, Norihiro Katayama, Mitsuaki Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated the temporal relationship between hippocampal theta waves (referred to as 'theta waves') and ponto-geniculo-occipital (PGO) waves in cats. We measured the time intervals between an occurrence of a PGO wave and the prior and posterior adjacent positive peaks of the theta wave. The unimodal distributions of these intervals suggested a close temporal relationship between PGO and theta waves (i.e. synchronization). In addition, the period of a theta wave during which a PGO wave occurred was not statistically different from that without a PGO wave. This result suggests that the synchronization found here is characterized by phase-locking rather than phase-resetting. Common mechanisms are suggested to underlie the generation of PGO and theta waves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-190
Number of pages2
JournalPsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Cat
  • Hippocampal theta wave
  • PGO wave
  • REM sleep
  • Synchronization


Dive into the research topics of 'Synchronization between hippocampal theta waves and PGO waves during REM sleep'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this