Synthesis and Properties of (3-Phenyl-1-azulenyl)tetracyanobetadienes and Tris(aryltetracyanobetadiene)s Connected with 1,3,5-Tri(1-azulenyl)benzene Core

Taku Shoji, Akifumi Maruyama, Miwa Tanaka, Daichi Nagai, Erika Shimomura, Kunihide Fujimori, Shunji Ito, Tetsuo Okujima, Kozo Toyota, Masafumi Yasunami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Tris[(3-phenyl-1-azulenyl)tetracyanobutadiene]s and tris(aryltetracyanobutadiene)s connected to a 1,3,5-tri(1-azulenyl)benzene core (tris-AzTCBDs) have been prepared by the Pd-catalyzed alkynylation of tris(3-iodo-1-azulenyl)benzene derivative with the corresponding 1-ethynylazulene or ethynylbenzene derivatives under Sonogashira–Hagihara cross-coupling conditions, followed by the reaction with tetracyanoethylene (TCNE) in a formal [2 + 2] cycloaddition-retroelectrocyclization (CA–RE) reaction. The intramolecular charge-transfer (ICT) interactions of the new chromophores were investigated by the comparison with those of the model tetracyanobutadiene derivatives with azulene substituents (AzTCBDs), which were prepared by the reaction of the corresponding 1-ethynylazulene derivative with iodoarenes, followed by the CA–RE reaction with TCNE, utilizing UV/Vis spectroscopy and theoretical calculations. The redox behavior of the alkyne precursors and the tetracyanobutadiene derivatives was examined by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), which revealed their multistep electrochemical reduction properties. Moreover, significant color changes of these compounds were observed by visible spectroscopy under the electrochemical reduction conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-57
Number of pages9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan


  • Azulene
  • Cycloaddition
  • Donor-acceptor chromophores
  • Redox chemistry
  • UV/Vis spectrum


Dive into the research topics of 'Synthesis and Properties of (3-Phenyl-1-azulenyl)tetracyanobetadienes and Tris(aryltetracyanobetadiene)s Connected with 1,3,5-Tri(1-azulenyl)benzene Core'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this