Synthesis of Ba2Ti9O20 ferroelectrics by solution method with H3BO3 as a flux

Koichiro Ueda, Koji Tomita, Kazumi Fujita, Masato Kakihana, Shinya Sawai

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Ba2Ti9O20 has a similar structure to Hollandite structure, and has high ionic conductivity because of its tunnel structure. It is used as electronic material in high frequency devices due to its ferroelectricity and the small temperature coefficient. The single phase of Ba2Ti9O20 is hard to obtain because only the small deviations from the required stoichiometry lead to formation of impurity phases having close chemical composition. In this study we prepared precursor of Ba2Ti9O20 by complex gellation method in which citratoperoxititanic acid tetranuclear complex was used as a Ti source. The homogeneous precursor was obtained by mixing the Ti complex, Ba(CH 3COO)2, and H3BO3 (as a flux) in aqueous solution. The obtained precursor was then heat-treated at 1,273 K, which is 230 K below the temperature needed for the conventional solid-state reaction method, and the single phase of Ba2Ti9O20 was formed. The crystallite size of the prepared powder was less than 100 nm that is desirable for ferroelectric materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-187
Number of pages5
JournalFuntai Oyobi Fummatsu Yakin/Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr
Externally publishedYes


  • BaTiO
  • Complex gellation method
  • Crystallite size
  • Ferroelectric materials
  • Flux

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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