Synthesis of Ettringite in Suspension from Various Forms of Gypsum as Starting Material

Mitsuru Hirao, Mitsuaki Matsuoka, Norihiro Murayama, Atsushi Iizuka

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1 Citation (Scopus)


This study aimed to synthesize ettringite in suspension from various forms of used gypsum and by-product gypsum. We focus on the solubility of the raw material for ettringite. Heat treatment at various temperatures (400-1,000°C) was applied to gypsum and amorphous Al(OH)3, and the effect of the solubility of Ca2+ and Al3+ as constituents of ettringite in NaOH solution at pH 12 on the ettringite formation in suspension was investigated using various heated raw materials. the removal of toxic anionic species (B, As(III), Cr(VI), Se(IV)) in dilute solution was tested for the ettringite synthesized under various conditions. By using soluble NaAlO2 as an Al3+ source, ettringite was synthesized successfully affer a shorter agitation time of 1 h from CaSO4·2H2O and its calcination product at 400°C. For calcination at 600°C and above, ettringite was formed by extending agitation time to 24 h. When amorphous Al(OH)3 and its calcination products were used as an Al3+ source, longer agitation time is required for ettringite formation in suspension. From the viewpoint of ettringite formation, it implies that the solubility of Al3+ and the Al3+ sources is predominant compared with that of Ca2+ from gypsum. It was found that the ettringite as an anion removal agent was synthesized effiectively by controlling the reaction conditions to improve the reactivity of Ca2+ in gypsum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-236
Number of pages6
Journalkagaku kogaku ronbunshu
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Anion Removal Agent
  • Ettringite
  • Gypsum
  • Recycle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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